A List of Dzanga Sangha Birds

Copyright by Andrea Turkalo
  Copyright by Andrea Turkalo

The Dzanga Sangha Reserve also offers much interest for amateur ornithologists. Indeed, one can come across the endemic Dzanga robin (Stphronis sanghensis), the Hartlaub duck (very rare), as well as many raptors and water birds. To observe them one can use the platforms or take a trip in a boat on the Sangha River or its tributary, the Mossapoula. 379 species of birds have been listed inside the reserve.

 In the list the status of each species is indicated by the following letters: R (resident), P (Palaearctic migrant), M (Afro-tropical migrant). Habitat is cited for resident species only, as indicated by the letters F (forest), D (clearings and savannah, including the grassy zones of the bais), A (open aquatic environments: rivers and streams).

Phalacrocoracidae - Family Phalacrocoracidae
Phalacrocorax africanus Long-tailed Cormorant M
Ardeidae - Family Ardeidae
Botaurus stellaris Great Bittern P
Ixobrychus sturmii Dwarf Bittern M
Tigriornis leucolophus White-crested Bittern R, F
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned night Heron M
Ardeola ralloides Squacco Heron P
Bubulcus ibis Cow Egret M
Butorides striatus Green backed Heron R, A
Egretta garzetta Little Egret P
Egretta intermeda Intermediate Egret M
Egretta alba White Heron (great Egret) P
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron P
Ardea cinerea Grey Heron P
Ardea melanocephala Black-headed Heron M
Ardea goliath Goliath Heron R, A
Scopidae - Family Scopidae
Scopus umbretta Hammerkop R, A
Ciconiidae - Family Ciconiidae
Mycteria ibis Yellow-billed Stork
Ciconia nigra Black Stork P
Ciconia abdimii Abdim's Stork M
Ciconia episcopus Woolly-necked Stork M
Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Saddle-billed Stork M
Leptoptilos crumeniferus Maribou Stork M
Threskiornithidae - Family Threskiornithidae
Threskiornis aethiopicus Sacred Ibis M
Bostrychia hagedash Hadeda Ibis R, A
Bostrychia rara Spot-breasted Ibis R, F
Anatidae - Family Anatidae
Dendrocygna viduata White-faced whistling Duck M
Alopochen aegyptiacus Egyptian Goose M
Plectropterus gambensis Spur-winged Goose M
Sarkidiornis melanotos Comb Duck M
Pteronetta hartlaubii Hartlaub's Duck R, A
Nettapus auritus African pygmy Goose M
Anas acuta Northern Pintail P
Accipitridae - Family Accipitridae u.a.
Hawk Aviceda cuculoides African Cuckoo R, F
Macheiramphus alcinus Bat Hawk R, F
Elanus caeruleus Black-shouldered kite M
M Milvus migrans Black Kite M
Haliaeetus vocifer African Fish Eagle R, A
Gypohierax angolensis Palm nut Vulture R, F
Dryotriorchis spectabilis Congo serpent Eagle R, F
Polyboroides typus African harrier Hawk R, F
Circus aeruginosus Western marsh Harrier P
Accipiter melanoleucus Great Sparrowhawk R, F
Accipiter erythropus Red-thighed Sparrowhawk R, F
Accipiter castanilius Chestnut-bellied Sparrowhawk R, F
Accipiter tachiro toussenelii Red-chested Goshawk R, F
Accipiter badius Shikra M
Urotriorchis macrourus African long-tailed Hawk R, F
Kaupifalco monogrammicus Lizard Buzzard R, D
Buteo buteo vulpinus Steppe Buzzard P
Buteo auguralis Red-necked Buzzard M
Aquila pomarina Lesser spotted Eagle P
Aquila rapax Tawny Eagle M
Hieraaetus ayresii Ayres' Hawk Eagle M
Lophaetus occipitalis Long-crested Eagle M
Stephanoaetus coronatus Crowned Eagle R, D
Pandion haliaetus Osprey (fish hawk, sea eagle) P
Sagittariidae - Family Sagittariidae
Sagittarius serpentarius Secretary bird M
Falconidae - Family Falconidae
Falco tinnunculus Eurasian Kestrel P
Falco ardosiaceus Grey Kestrel M
Phasianidae - Family Phasianidae
Francolinus lathami Forest Francolin R, F
Francolinus squamatus Scaly Francolin R, D
Coturnix delegorguei Harlequin Quail M
Numididae - Family Numididae
Agelastes niger Black Guineafowl R, F
Guttera plumifera Plumed Guineafowl R, F
Guttera pucherani edouardi Crested Guineafowl R, F
Turnicidae - Family Turnicidae
Turnix sylvatica Small Buttonquail M
Rallidae - Family Rallidae
Himantornis haematopus Nkulengu Rail R, F
Sarothrura pulchra White-spotted Flufftail R, F
Canirallus oculeus Grey-throated Rail R, F
Crecopsis egregia African Crake M
Amaurornis flavirostris African black Crake R, A
Heliornithidae - Family Heliornithidae
Podica senegalensis African Finfoot R, A
Otididae - Family Otididae
Eupodotis melanogaster Black-bellied Bustard M
Scolopacidae - Family Scolopacidae
Gallinago gallinago Common Snipe P
Tringa totanus Common Redshank P
Tringa stagnatilis Marsh Sandpiper P
Tringa nebularia Greenshank P
Tringa ochropus Green Sandpiper P
Tringa glareola Wood Sandpiper P
Actitis hypoleucos Common Sandpiper P
Calidris alba Sanderling P
Calidris minuta - Little Stint P
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper P
Philomachus pugnax Ruff P
Laridae - Family Laridae
Larus fuscus Lesser black-backed Gull P
Larus minutus Little Gull P
Larus cirrocephalus Grey-headed Gull M
Rynchopidae - Family Rynchopidae
Rynchops flavirostris African Skimmer M
Columbidae - Family Columbidae
Columba unicincta Afep Pigeon R, F
Columba delegorguei iriditorques Eastern, western bronze-naped Pigeon R, F
Turtur afer Blue-spotted wood Dove R, D
Turtur tympanistria Tambourine wood Dove R, F
Turtur brehmeri Blue-headed wood Dove R, F
Treron australis calva African green Pigeon R, F
Psittacidae - Family Psittacidae
Psittacus erithacus African grey Parrot R, F
Poicephalus gulielmi Jandine Parrot R, F
Agapornis pullarius Red-headed Lovebird R, D
Agapornis swindernianus Black-collared Lovebird R, F
Musophagidae - Family Musophagidae
Tauraco persa Guinea Turaco R, F
Corythaeola cristata Great blue Turaco R, F
Cuculidae - Familt Cuculidae
Clamator jacobinus Black and white Cuckoo M
Clamator levaillantii Levaillant's Cuckoo M
Cuculus solitarius Red-chested Cuckoo R, F
Cuculus clamosus Black Cuckoo R, F
Cuculus canorus Common Cuckoo
Cuculus gularis African Cuckoo
Cercococcyx mechowi Dusty long-tailed Cuckoo R, F
Cercococcyx olivinus Olive long-tailed Cuckoo R, F
Chrysococcyx cupreus African emerald Cuckoo R, F
Chrysococcyx flavigularis Yellow-throated Cuckoo R, F
Chrysococcyx klaas Klaas's Cuckoo R, F
Chrysococcyx capriusDideric Cuckoo R, D
Ceuthmochares aereus Yellow-bill Coucal R, F
Centropus anselli Gabon Coucal R, F
Centropus monachus Blue-headed Coucal R, D
Centropus senegalensis Senegal Coucal R, D
Strigidae - Family Strigidae
Otus icterorhynchus Sandy scops Owl R, F
Jubula lettii Maned Owl R, F
Bubo africanus African or spotted eagle Owl R, D
Bubo poensis Fraser's eagle Owl R, F
Scotopelia bouvieri Vermiculated fishing Owl R, F
Strix woodfordii African wood Owl R, F
Caprimulgidae - Family Caprimulgidae
Caprimulgus binotatus Brown Nightjar R, F
Caprimulgus inornatus Plain Nightjar M
Caprimulgus climacurus Long-tailed Nightjar M
Macrodipteryx longipennis Standard-winged Nightjar M
Macrodipteryx vexillarius Pennant-winged Nightjar M
Apodidae - Family Apodidae
Telacanthura ussheri Mottled Spinetail M
Telacanthura melanopygia Black Spinetail R, F
Rhaphidura sabini Sabine's Spinetail R, F
Neafrapus cassini Cassin's Spinetail R, F
Cypsiurus parvus African palm Swift R, D
Apus apus Common Swift P
Apus afinis Little Swift R, D
Apus cafer White-rumped Swift M
Coliidae - Family Coliidae
Colius striatus Speckled Mousebird R, D
Trogonidae - Family Trogonidae
Apaloderma narina Narina Trogon R, F
Apaloderma aequatoriale Bare-cheeked Trogon R, F
Alcedinidae - Family Alcedinidae
Alcedo quadribrachys Shining blue Kingfisher R, A
Alcedo cristata Malachite Kingfisher R, A
Alcedo leucogaster White-bellied Kingfisher R, F
Ceyx lecontei African dwarf Kingfisher R, F
Ceyx pictus African pygmy Kingfisher R, D
Halcyon badia Chocolate-backed Kingfisher R, F
Halcyon leucocephala Grey-headed Kingfisher M
Halcyon malimbica Blue-breasted Kingfisher R, F
Halcyon senegalensis Woodland Kingfisher R, D
Megaceryle maxima Giant Kingfisher R, A
Ceryle rudis African pied Kingfisher R, A
Meropidae - Family Meropidae
Merops breweri Black-headed Bee-eater R, D
Merops muelleri Blue-headed Bee-eater R, F
Merops gularis Black Bee-eater R, F
Merops pusillus Little Bee-eater R, D
Merops variegatus Blue-breasted Bee-eater R, D
Merops albicollis White-throated Bee-eater M
Coraciidae - Family Coraciidae
Coracias garrulus European Roller P
Eurystomus glaucurus Broad-billed Roller M
Eurystomus gularis Blue-throated Roller R, F
Phoeniculidae - Family Phoeniculidae
Phoeniculus bollei White-headed Woodhoopoe R, F
Phoeniculus castaneiceps Forest Woodhoopoe R, F
Upupidae - Family Upupidae
Upupa epops africana African Hoopoe M
Bucerotidae - Family Bucerotidae
Tropicranus albocristatus White-crested Hornbill R, F
Tockus hartlaubi Black dwarf Hornbill R, F
Tockus camurus Red-billed dwarf Hornbill R, F
Tockus fasciatus African pied Hornbill R, F
Bycanistes fistulator Trumpeter Hornbill R, F
Bycanistes cylindricus albotibi alis White-thighed Hornbill R, F
Bycanistes subcylindricus Black and white casqued Hornbill R, F
Ceratogymna atrata Black-casqued Hornbill R, F
Capitonidae - Family Lybiidae
Gymnobucco bonapartei Grey-throated Barbet R, F
Buccanodon duchaillui Yellow-spotted Barbet R, F
Pogoniulus scolopaceus Speckled Tinkerbird R, F
Pogoniulus bilineatus leucolaima Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird R, D
Pogoniulus subsulphureus Yellow-throated Tinkerbird R, F
Pogoniulus atroflavus Red-rumped Tinkerbird R, F
Tricholaema hirsuta Hairy-breasted Barbet R, F
Trachyphonus purpuratus Yellow-billed Barbet R, F
Indicatoridae - Family Indicatoridae
Prodotiscus insignis Cassin's Honeyguide R, F
Indicator maculatus Spotted Honeyguide R, F
Indicator exilis Least Honeyguide R, F
Melichneutes robustus Lyre-tailed Honeyguide R, F
Picidae - Family Picidae
Sasia africana African Piculet R, F
Campethera cailliautii permista Green-backed Woodpecker R, F
Campethera nivosa Buff-spotted Woodpecker R, F
Campethera caroli Brown-eared Woodpecker R, F
Dendropicos poecilolaemus Speckle-breasted Woodpecker M
Dendropicos gabonensis Gabon Woodpecker R, F
Dendropicos fuscescens Cardinal Woodpecker R, D
Thripias xantholophus Gold-crowned Woodpecker R, F
Mesopicos elliotii Elliot's Woodpecker R, F
Eurylaimidae - Family Eurylaimidae
Smithornis rufolateralis Rufous-sided Broadbill R, F
Smithornis sharpei Grey-headed Broadbill R, F
Hirundinidae - Family Hirundinidae
Psalidoprocne nitens Square-tailed Sawwing R, F
Psalidoprocne pristoptera chalybea Shari Sawwing, blue Sawwing R, D
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow P
Riparia congica Congo Martin M
Hirundo semirufa Red-breasted R, D
Hirundo senegalensis Mosque Swallow R, D
Hirundo abyssinica Lesser striped Swallow R, D
Hirundo smithii White-tailed Swallow M
Hirundo nigrita White-throated blue Swallow R, A
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow P
Delichon urbica House Martin P
Motacillidae - Family Motacillidae
Motacilla flava Yellow Wagtail P
Motacilla alba White Wagtail P
Motacilla aguimp Pie Wagtail R, A
Macronyx croceus Yellow-throated Longclaw R, D
Campephagidae - Family Campephagidae u.a.
Campephaga phoenicea Red-shouldered Cuckoo shrike M
Campephaga quiscalina Purple-shouldered Cuckoo shrike R, F
Coracina azurea African blue Cuckoo shrike R, F
Pycnonotidae - Family Pycnonotidae
Andropadus virens Little Greenbul R, F
Andropadus gracilis Grey Greenbul R, F
Andropadus ansorgei Ansorge's Greenbul R, F
Andropadus curvirostris Plain Greenbul R, F
Andropadus gracilirostris Slender-billed Greenbul R, F
Andropadus latirostris Yellow-whiskered Greenbul R, F
Calyptocichla serina Golden Greenbul R, F
Baeopogon indicator Honeyguide Greenbul R, F
W Baeopogon clamans Sjöstedt's honeyguide Greenbul R, F
Ixonotus guttatus Spotted Greenbul R, F
Chlorocichla falkensteini Yellow-necked Greenbul R, D
Chlorocichla simplex Simple Greenbul R, D
Chlorocichla flavicollis Yellow-throated Greenbul R, D
Thescelocichla leucopleura Swamp palm Greenbul R, F
Pyrrhurus scandens Leaf-love R, F
Phyllastrephus icterinus Icterine Greenbul R, F
Phyllastrephus xavieri Xavier's Greenbul R, F
Phyllastrephus albigularis White-throated Greenbul R, F
Bleda syndactyla Red-tailed Bristlebill R, F
Bleda notataLesser Bristlebill R, F
Criniger chloronotus Green-backed Bulbul R, F
Criniger calurus Western bearded Greenbul R, F
Criniger olivaceus ndussumensis Yellow-bearede, white-bearded Bulbul R, F
'' Pycnonotus barbatus Common Bulbul R, D
Turdidae - Family Turdidae
Neocossyphus rufus Red-tailed ant Thrush R, F
Neocossyphus poensis White-tailed ant Thrush R, F
Stizorhina fraseri Rufous Thrush R, F
Turdus pelios Western African Thrush R, D
Alethe diademata castanea Fire-crested R, F
Alethe poliocephala Brown-chested Alethe R, F
Stiphrornis sanghensisSangha forest Robin R, F
Cossypha cyanocampter R, DBroad-shouldered Robin-chat R, D
Saxicola rubetra Whinchat P
Myrmecocichla nigra Sooty Chat R, D
Sylviidae - Family Sylviidae
Bradypterus grandis Dja river Warbler R, D
Bathmocercus rufus Black-faced rufous Warbler R, F
Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Sedge Warbler P
Acrocephalus scirpaceus Eurasian reed Warbler P
Acrocephalus arundinaceus Great reed-Warbler P
Eremomela badiceps Rufous-crowned Eremomela R, F
Sylvietta virens Green Crombec R, F
Sylvietta denti Lemon-bellied Crombec R, F
Macrosphenus concolor Grey Longbill R, F
Macrosphenus flavicans Yellow Longbill R, F
Phylloscopus trochilus Willow Warbler P
Hylia prasina Green hylia R, F
Cisticola anonymus Chattering Cicticola R, D
Prinia subflava Tawny flanked Prinia R, D
Prinia leucopogon White-chinned Prinia R, D
Prinia bairdii Banded Prinia R, F
Apalis rufogularis Buff-throated Apalis R, F
Apalis goslingi Gosling's Apalis R, A
Camaroptera brachyura Grey (and green)-backed R, D
Camaroptera superciliaris Yellow-browed Camaroptera R, F
Camaroptera chloronota Olive-green Camaroptera R, F
Muscicapidae - Family Muscicapidae
Fraseria ocreata African Forest-Flycatcher R, F
Fraseria cinerascens White-crested African Forest-Flycatcher R, F
Muscicapa striata Spotted Flycatcher P
Muscicapa olivascens Olivaceous Flycatcher R, F
Muscicapa cassini Cassin's Flycatcher R, A
Muscicapa epulata Little grey Alseonax R, F
Muscicapa sethsmithii Yellow-footed R, F
Muscicapa comitata Dusky -blue Flycatcher R, F
Muscicapa infuscata Sooty Flycatcher R, F
Myioparus plumbeus Leadcoloured Flycatcher R, D
Myioparus griseigularis Grey-throated tit-Flycatcher R, F
Platysteiridae - Family Platysteiridae
Megabyas flammulatus Shrike Flycatcher R, F
Bias musicus Black-and-white Shrike-Flycatcher R, D
Batis minor Black-headed Batis M
Batis minima Verreaux's Batis R, F
Po Batis poensis Fernando Po Batis R, F
Dyaphorophyia concreta Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye R, F
Dyaphorophyia castanea Chestnut Wattle-eye R, F
Dyaphorophyia tonsa Weißbrauen-Lappenschnäpper R, F
Platysteira cyanea White-footed Wattle-eye R, D
Monarchidae - Family Monarchidae
Erythrocercus mccallii Chestnut-capped Flycatcher R, F
Elminia longicauda African Blue-Flycatcher R, D
Elminia nigromitrata Dusky Crested-Flycatcher R, F
Trochocercus nitens Blue-headed Crested-Flycatcher R, F
Terpsiphone viridis African paradise Flycatcher R, D
Terpsiphone rufocinerea batesi Rufous vented paradise Flycatcher R, F
Terpsiphone rufiventer Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher R, F
Timaliidae - Family Timaliidae
Illadopsis fulvescens Brown Illadopsis R, F
Illadopsis cleaveri Black-cap R, F
Turdoides reinwardii Black-cap Babbler R, D
Paridae - Family Paridae
Parus funereus Dusky Tit R, F
Remizidae - Family Remizidae
Anthoscopus flavifrons Forest Penduline-Tit R, F
Pholidornis rushiae Tit-Hylia R, F
Nectariniidae - Family Nectariniidae
Anthreptes fraseri Scarlet-tufted Sunbird R, F
Anthreptes aurantium Violet-tailed Sunbird R, F
Anthreptes rectirostris tephrolaema Grey-throated green Sunbird R, F
Anthreptes collaris Collared Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia batesi Bates's Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia olivacea Olive Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia reichenbachii Reichenbach's Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia verticalis Green-headed Sunbird R, D
Nectarinia cyanolaema Blue-throated brown Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia rubescens Green-throated Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia senegalensis Scarlet chested Sunbird M
Nectarinia chloropygia Olive-bellied Sunbird R, D
Nectarinia coccinigaster Splendid Sunbird M
Nectarinia johannae Johanna's Sunbird R, F
Nectarinia superba Superb Sunbird R, F
Zosteropidae - Family Zosteropidae
Zosterops senegalensis African green white Eye R, F
Oriolidae - Family Oriolidae
Oriolus oriolus Golden Oriole P
Oriolus brachyrhynchus Western black-headed Oriole R, F
Oriolus nigripennis Black-winged Oriole R, F
Laniidae - Family Laniidae
Pie-grièche écorcheur Red-backed Shrike P
Pie-grièche de Mackinnon Lanius mackinnoni Mackinnon's Shrike R, D
Dryoscopus senegalensis Red-eyed Puffback R, D
Dryoscopus sabini Large-billed Puffback R, F
Tchagra australis Black-crowned Tchagara R, D
Laniarius luehderi Lühder's bush Shrike R, D
Laniarius aethiopicus Tropical Boubou M
Laniarius leucorhynchus Slate-colored Boubou R, F
Malaconotus bocagei Grey-headed Bush-Shrike R, D
Malaconotus multicolor Many-colored Bush-Shrike R, F
Nicator chloris Yellow-spotted Nicator R, F
Nicator vireo Yellow-throated Nicator R, D
Prionops plumatus White (or white-crested) Helmetshrike
Prionops caniceps rufiventris Gabon, chestnut-bellied Helmetshrike R, F
Dryoscopus senegalensis
Dryoscopus sabini
Tchagra australis
Laniarius luehderi
Laniarius aethiopicus
Laniarius leucorhynchus
Malaconotus bocagei
Malaconotus multicolor
Nicator chloris
Nicator vireo
Prionops plumatus
Prionops caniceps rufiventris
Dicruridae - Family Dicruridae
Dicrurus ludwigii Squaretailed Drongo R, F
Dicrurus atripennis Shining Drongo R, F
Dicrurus adsimilis Fork-tailed Drongo R, F
Sturnidae - Family Sturnidae
Onychognathus fulgidus Chestnut-winged Starling R, F
Lamprotornis purpureiceps Purple-headed Glossy-Starling. R, F
Lamprotornis splendidus Splendid Glossy-Starling R, F
Buphagus africanus Yellow-billed Oxpecker R, D
Passeridae - Family Passeridae
Passer griseus Grey-headed Sparrow Passer R, D
Ploceidae - Family Ploceidae
Ploceus nigricollis Black-necked Weaver R, D
Ploceus ocularis Spectacled Weaver R, D
Ploceus aurantius Orange Weaver R, A
Ploceus nigerrimus Vieillot's black Weaver R, D
Ploceus cucullatus Spotted-backed Weaver R, D
Ploceus superciliosus Thick-billed Weaver R, D
Ploceus preussi Preuss's Weaver R, F
Malimbus nitens Blue-billed Malimbe, Grey's malimbe R, F
Malimbus malimbicus Crested Malimbe R, F
Malimbus cassini Cassin's Malimbe R, F
Malimbus rubricollis Red-bellied Malimbe R, F
Malimbus erythrogaster Malimbe à ventre rouge R, F
Malimbus coronatus Redcrowned Malimbe R, F
Euplectes hordeaceus Fire-crowned Bishop R, D
Euplectes macrourus Yellow-shouldered Widowbird R, D
Amblyospiza albifrons Grossbeak Weaver R, D
Estrildidae - Family Estrildidae
Nigrita canicapilla Grey-headed Negrofinch R, F
Nigrita luteifrons Pale-fronted Negro-finch R, F
Nigrita fusconotaWhite-breasted Negro-finch R, F
Pyrenestes ostrinusBlack-bellied Seedcracker R, D
Spermophaga haematina Western Bluebill R, F
Estrilda melpoda Orange-cheeked Waxbill R, D
Estrilda astrild Common Waxbill R, D
Lonchura cucullata Bronze Mannikin R, D
Lonchura bicolor Black-and-white Mannikin R, D
Viduidae - Family Viduidae
Vidua macrouraPintailed Whydah R,D
Vidua interjecta Long-tailed paradise Whydah M
Viduidae - Family Fringillidae
Serinus mozambicus Yellow-fronted Canary or green singer R, D